As the saying goes, repeal should be with its roots, as well as acne treatment. Acne medicine has a different content depending on its function to overcome the causes and treat acne. Overview of the causes of acne, there are four factors of acne:
- Excess oil production,
- the release of substances that cause inflammation,
- blockage in the pores due to follicular hyperkeratinization (thickening of the wall of the hair follicle), and
- bacterial infection.
Acne drug that is often used
The following are commonly used chemical compounds of acne medication:
- Benzoyl Peroxide
These chemicals work by killing bacteria that cause acne without using antibiotics. Benzoyl peroxide is also present in over-the-counter (OTC) acne creams. Because of its nature that does not reduce oil production, if you use benzoyl peroxide and your acne gets better then you remove this treatment, then acne can reappear. Side effects that may arise are dry skin.
- Salicylic acid
These compounds work by improving the growth of abnormal cells and can erode the top layer of skin. Salicylic acid can also remove blockages in the pores. Just like benzoyl peroxide, the release of salicylic acid can cause acne to reappear. The side effect that can be felt from salicylic acid is the pain.
- Alcohol or acetone
Alcohol can kill bacteria, and acetone can lift oil. This combination can dry the face and many are not recommended by doctors.
- Antibiotics (with prescription)
Work by killing the bacteria Propionibacterium acne causes acne. With the death of these bacteria, the inflammatory process can be stopped and the redness on the acne can be reduced. Antibiotics can be given by mouth (drinking medicine) and skin (topical medication). If the infection is still mild, can be given topical medication, but if the infection has spread and deep, usually will be given drinking medicine. This decision depends on the clinical decision of the physician.
- Retinoids (by prescription)
This substance works by reducing the production of oil and keratin (the outermost layer of skin). This drug is said to be very effective in treating acne because it also handles 2 causes of acne. Side effects of retinoids are considerable, more on retinoids consumed orally than on topical. You can see more here.
Description of the types of acne:
- Whitehead: a blockage that occurs beneath the surface of the skin
- Blackheads: a blockage that opens on the skin surface and is blackish
- Papul: small clang
- Pustules: small claws containing white pus
- Nodules: ladang or large lumps and pain