It may sound strange, but in fact the Pill is indeed one of the treatments for acne that has been approved by the FDA (Food and Drugs Administration). How does the Pill for Acne Causes? Previously let us discuss about acne itself. Acne is not yet known with certainty the cause, but allegedly many factors that play a role in causing the occurrence of acne. One of them is hormonal factor. As we know, generally when puberty, a person begins to experience acne. This is because the oil glands begin to activate due to the influence of androgen hormones. Androgen hormones are produced in relatively low amounts in women. Increased androgen hormones will cause excessive oil production (sebum) which increases the risk of pore blockage that eventually leads to acne.
How it works from birth control pills is to suppress levels of androgen hormones that is by increasing SHBG (Sex Hormone Binding Globulin) which will bind to androgen hormones so that free androgen hormone levels will decrease. It is expected that this androgen hormone decline will cause acne to improve. Until now there are only three brands of birth control pills approved by the FDA Ortho Tri Cyclen, Estrotep and YAZ. They are a combination of birth control pills containing estrogen and progesterone. The use of a single pill containing only progesterone can not be used because it will aggravate the condition of acne.
The use of birth control pills for the treatment of acne should still pay attention to the side effects that can be caused by birth control pills themselves, among others, increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, hypertension and blood vessel blockage, and can cause hypertension, migraine, depression and mood disorders. Birth control pills are only available for patients with acne who require contraception and no dietary pills such as history of heart disease, hypertension, breast cancer, cervical cancer, liver disease, diabetes mellitus, migraines, obesity or under smoker conditions age over 35 years, pregnant and lactating mothers.
The results of this treatment take several months. Usually at the beginning of use, the condition of acne can get worse (flare up), but it is not an indication to discontinue treatment. Because the cause of acne is not just a matter of hormones, it must be done combination treatment, for example by giving oral antibiotics (Tetracycline) or other anti-acne creams. The use of birth control pills for the treatment of acne should be decided by the doctor and under close supervision by the doctor because of considerable side effects.