Sunlight is good for health because it can stimulate the body to produce vitamin D. But on the other hand, if exposed to sunlight for too long and without protection, the consequences can be bad for your skin color and health.
The skin will burn and become black if exposed to sunlight for too long and without protection. Not only a matter of beauty, sunlight can also increase the risk of skin cancer. One way to avoid the bad effects of sunlight is to wear the right sunscreen.
Therefore, it is important to use the right sunscreen. With sunscreen, the skin will be protected from the dangers of sunlight that can trigger the production of melanin, the pigment determines the color of the skin, which can make the skin become dark.
So, how to choose sunscreen that can minimize the risk?
Try Checking Composition Labels
There are sunblocks that work by reflecting UV rays to avoid skin. There are also those who work by absorbing UV light before it concerns your skin.
In the past we only focus on finding the sun protection factor (SPF) when looking for sunscreen. SPF protects the skin from harmful ultraviolet B (UVB), which is burnt, blackened, and skin cancer. But recent research reveals that ultraviolet A (UVA) rays can also increase the risk of skin cancer and cause wrinkles, although it can not burn the skin.
In order for you to get maximum protection, we recommend that you select a sunscreen that has the following content:
- Select sunscreen with SPF 15 or more. These levels show how effectively sunscreen prevents your skin from burning from UVB rays. For example if your skin will burn within 10 minutes. Then the SPF 15 sunscreen can protect your skin for 150 minutes before it burns and eventually becomes black. For some people, wearing an SPF 15 sunscreen is enough. Higher SPF levels are only for those with very white skin, born to families with a history of skin cancer or lupus. Sometimes people generally like to choose sunscreen with the highest SPF level because it considers the higher level, then the protection they can be more leverage. Though the reality is not like that. For example in this case, comparing sunscreen SPF 15 and SPF 30. You may think the SPF 30 sunscreen has multiple benefits. But the reality can only counteract UVB rays as much as 97 percent, four percent higher than SPF 15.
- Choose sunscreen that protects you from UVB and UVA rays or multi-spectrum protection. Your skin can be protected from both rays with ingredients such as ecamsule, zinc oxide, avobenzone, oxybenzone, titanium dioxide, salicylate, or sulisobenzone. Choose sunscreen that contains at least these ingredients.
How to Use Sunscreen?
Sunscreen is used every time you leave the house, especially at 10:00 to 14:00. Weather does not give effect. Use either in hot or cloudy weather conditions. When the clouds turn out the dangers of UV rays can still penetrate the clouds. In order for the sunscreen to work perfectly, follow the steps below.
- Apply sunscreen 15 minutes or 30 minutes before moving in the sun. Oles about 2 tablespoons of sunscreen all over the body. Many people who do not wear sunscreen according to the right dose to make them lose a lot of benefits. So do not be stingy on your own skin.
- Pay attention to hidden parts of the body. Make sure sunscreen is evenly on the legs, back legs, ears, and head (if your head is bald). Not only that, use also lip balm that can protect you from UV rays on the lips.
- Use repeatedly. You should reapply sunscreen every two hours. Use it more often if you are sweating or swimming.
- Before performing the above methods, check the expiry date of the sunscreen on the package. Usually sunscreen is safe to use for up to three years from the date of production. In addition, note also the texture and aroma. If it has changed, though not past the expiration period, it is better to throw it away.
In addition to the above methods, the use of sunscreen should also be tailored to the condition of your skin in general.
- Dry skin. For this skin type should choose sunscreen shaped cream, ointment, or lotion. Choose also sunscreen that can moisturize your skin like a sunscreen containing oil, lanolin, or dimethicone.
Oily skin. To avoid your skin getting oily, choose an oil-free sunscreen.
- Skin allergies, acne, and rosacea (red skin). Sunscreens containing preservatives and fragrances should be avoided if you have allergic, acne, or rosacea skin types. In addition, also avoid sunblock made from PABA, oxybenzone, and salicylate. If your skin is acne, you should avoid sunscreen type of cream and oily because it can aggravate the condition of acne. Better to choose a gel-shaped sunscreen that contains alcohol so it can make acne dry quickly and less likely to aggravate acne. But keep in mind that alcohol content should be avoided if you have sensitive skin and rosacea.
- Hairy skin. Avoid sunscreen-shaped cream because it can be attached to the fine hair on the skin. Should choose a gel or spray.
- Dark skin. Use sunscreen with SPF 15. Avoid sunscreen made from titanium dioxide because it can make skin look pale. But there is sunscreen with the latest technology that can make it blend with skin color.
If you have children, the use of sunscreen for children can be more difficult, especially against hyperactive children. So choose a sunscreen that is easy to apply like a spray-shaped sunscreen with an eye-catching color. But when you want to apply to the face, spray into the palm of your hand first before being rubbed into their face. Children’s skin is very sensitive, so avoid sunblock made from PABA and oxybenzone. Choose sunblock of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide and SPF 15 or higher.
Sunscreen is not used for babies aged six months and under because they are basically not allowed to be exposed to the sun for too long.
If you’re a sports lover. Choose a gel-shaped sunscreen because it can stay clingy when you’re sweating. But if you wipe it, you have to reapply it. This also applies if you swim and wear sunscreen with a water-proof label. According to the study, there is no sun-proof sunscreen. Usually they only survive in the water about 40 to 80 minutes. Afterwards you should wear sunscreen again.
As good or as thick as any sunscreen you wear can not completely protect you from the nasty sting of the sun. The skin can still potentially become more black, burned, and even exposed to skin cancer. Therefore, using sunscreen should be equipped with other protection, such as wearing glasses, wide-brimmed hat, using an umbrella, or long clothing.